Teeth Implants: Endosteal and Subperiosteal
Tooth replacement procedures or treatments have become highly advanced especially if compared to several decades ago. Dental implants refer to frames or posts that are made of metal and are positioned into the jawbone through surgery. Because the jawbone is under the gums, this procedure requires a very experienced cosmetic dentist.
Dental Implant Functions
Even if there are numerous effective, efficient, and advance ways of maintaining good dental care, there are still millions of Americans who suffer from tooth decay that lead to tooth loss on a yearly basis. Others lose their teeth resulting from injury and gum diseases such as gingivitis. During the last several decades, the only options for people suffering from tooth loss are dentures and bridges. Today; however, the continuous advancements in science and technology have resulted to the availability of dental implants. Before, the types of dental implants are endosteal and subperiosteal only. Recently, transosteal was added as a new type of dental implant.
Endosteal and subperiosteal are the two main types of dental implants available today. These two types are considered safe and effective according to the American Dental Association.
Endosteal, which means “in the bone,” is the type of dental implant that is most commonly used. It is further categorized into different types according to the kind of accessories used. Blades, cylinders, and screws are placed into the patient’s jawbone through surgery. A single implant has the capacity to hold at least one prosthetic tooth, but there are cases where an implant can hold two or more prosthetic teeth. Not all individuals qualify for this type of dental implant so getting a dental consultation is necessary. Generally, individuals who have dentures or bridges are good candidates for endosteal implants when the other options have been exhausted.
To provide more comfort and convenience to patients with fixed partial bridgework or removable dentures, there are endosteal implants that use custom-designed titanium metal frame that is of cast surgical-grade quality. The implants used are coated with a special kind of synthetic substitute for bone. It is called HA or hydroxyapatite, which comprises up to 98% natural bone. This coating makes the jaw believe that the implant is also a natural bone allowing the formation of a biochemical bond that ensures a secure hold of the implant.
Subperiosteal, which means “on the bone,” involves the use of metal frames that are fitted or placed onto the jawbone that is just right below the tissues of the gum. The post of the metal frame is in a protruding position through the gum to effectively hold the prosthesis that will be fitted too. After the procedure, the gums are expected to heal to completely recognize the success of the implant. When the gum is healed, the metal frame becomes totally fixed to the patient’s jawbone. Then, the artificial tooth is mounted on the post; it follows the same procedure as an endosteal implant.
The framework used for subperiosteal implant is composed of cobalt, chrome, and molybdenum or surgical vitallium. There are also custom subperiosteal implants, which make every implant unique. The condition of the patient hugely affects this uniqueness or difference from other implants. The implant is custom-designed and fabricated using a model generated from a CT scan or a direct impression of the bone.
One of the situations that use subperiosteal implant is when a patient has lost most or all his posterior teeth. Another situation is when a patient has inadequate bone height, which does not allow endosteal implants.
Dental Implant Brands
The availability of advance technology has made it possible to provide patients with options when it comes to the brands of dental implants they can use. According to Dentistry Today’s Fifth Annual Readers’Choice, the top 25 implant products are Argen, Aseptico, BioHorizons, Dentatus USA, Dentium USA, DENTSPLY Implants, Glidewell Laboratories, Golden Dental Solutions, HIOSSEN, Impladent, Implant Direct, ImplanTape, Intra-Lock, KAT Implants, Keating Dental Arts, MIS Implants Technologies, OCO Biomedical, PREAT Corp, Shatkin F.I.R.S.T., Sun Dental Labs, Taub Products, Tischler Dental, Z-Systems USA, ZEST Anchors, and Zimmer Dental.
Benefits of Dental Implants
Unlike other treatments, dental implantation has several benefits that are truly far more advantageous. For one, many experts and professional dentists agree that it is the next best thing to natural and healthy teeth. Like a natural tooth, a dental implant has the same functions, feel, fit, and look if it is stable and strong. So, it is crucial that a reliable and highly experienced dentist does the treatment to you. Dental implants are also the better choice because other treatments can lead to the deterioration of the bone, which may hugely affect the way you smile, speak, eat, and other tasks you do every day.
Another important benefit is the dental implant’s capability to help you retain the natural shape of your face and your natural smile. You have to take note that when there is a missing tooth or teeth, the faces have a high tendency to sag and look sad and sunken. With this alone, dental implantation is really necessary especially if you don’t want an unappealing look to affect your self-esteem and self-confidence.
Dental implants are also necessary to protect and keep your bone healthy. If the spaces were left empty, it can lead to the development of other health issues such as jawbone deterioration and loss.
With these, dental implants are indispensable to keeping healthy mouth when some of the teeth are lost. For more information about implants or, to schedule an appointment with Arthur Glosman DDS in Beverly Hills, please click here.